How Are Shearling Coats Made?

How Are Shearling Coats Made?

Have you ever wondered how shearling coats are made? Well, it's a fascinating process that involves transforming the natural wool of sheepskin into luxurious and warm outerwear. Shearling is actually the skin from a sheep or lamb that has been tanned and dressed with the wool still intact. It provides excellent insulation and is highly sought after for its softness and durability. So, let's dive into the intricate art of crafting shearling coats!

Creating shearling coats starts with selecting the finest quality hides. These hides are carefully treated and trimmed to remove any imperfections or unwanted elements. Then, the tanned hides are stretched and laid out to dry, ensuring the wool remains intact. Once dried, the hides are expertly sheared to achieve a uniform pile length, resulting in a cozy and luxurious texture. The sheared hides are then meticulously stitched and shaped into the final garment, with attention to detail and craftsmanship. With their rich history and timeless appeal, shearling coats are a true testament to the artistry and skill behind their creation.

How Are Shearling Coats Made?

The Process of Creating Shearling Coats

Shearling coats are known for their luxurious warmth and timeless style. These coats are made from the finest sheepskin, carefully crafted to create a soft and cozy outer layer, while the natural wool retains body heat, making them perfect for winter wear. The process of making shearling coats involves several steps that require skill and precision. In this article, we will explore the intricate process of creating shearling coats and gain a deeper understanding of the craftsmanship behind these remarkable garments.

1. Sourcing High-Quality Sheepskin

The first step in creating shearling coats is sourcing high-quality sheepskin, which is essential for a superior final product. The sheepskin used for shearling coats is typically obtained from sheep raised for both meat and wool. Maremma sheep, Merino sheep, and Romneys are common breeds known for their dense and luxurious wool. The sheepskin is carefully collected and then sorted based on its quality and texture.

During the sorting process, experts examine the sheepskin for any imperfections, such as scars or blemishes. These imperfections can affect the overall quality and visual appeal of the finished coat. Sheepskins that meet the highest standards are selected for further processing, ensuring that only the best materials are used to create shearling coats.

Once the sheepskins are sorted and selected, they are sent to specialized tanneries where the transformation process begins.

2. Preparation and Tanning

The second step in making shearling coats is the preparation and tanning process. This involves treating the sheepskin to ensure it maintains its luxurious texture and durability. The sheepskins are carefully cleaned, removing any dirt, debris, or remaining wool. Then, they are soaked in a mixture of warm water and biodegradable detergents to gently remove any greases or natural oils.

After the cleaning process, the sheepskins undergo the tanning process. The tanning method used for shearling coats is known as the "chrome tanning" technique, which involves immersing the skins in a solution containing chromium salts. This process helps preserve the sheepskin, making it resistant to water, heat, and other external elements. Chrome tanning also ensures that the wool remains soft and pliable, providing optimal comfort.

Once the sheepskins have been tanned, they are thoroughly rinsed and dried, ready for the next stage of the manufacturing process.

3. Skiving and Stitching

In this third stage of creating shearling coats, the tanned sheepskins are skived and stitched. Skiving involves thinning out specific areas of the sheepskin to remove excess bulk and create a more even thickness throughout the coat. Skiving helps ensure that the coat is not overly heavy while maintaining the natural drape of the garment.

After skiving, the sheepskin is carefully sewn together to create the desired coat pattern. Expert craftsmen or seamstresses meticulously stitch the individual pieces together, using high-quality thread that blends seamlessly with the sheepskin. This stitching process requires precision and attention to detail to achieve a flawless finish.

Once the coat has been fully stitched, it undergoes a thorough inspection to ensure the quality of the construction and to make any necessary adjustments.

4. Finishing Touches and Insulation

The final stage in creating shearling coats involves adding the finishing touches and insulation. The edges of the coat are carefully trimmed to create clean lines and a polished appearance. This trimming process requires skill to maintain the integrity of the sheepskin while achieving the desired aesthetic.

To enhance the insulation properties of the coat, a skilled artisan may add a layer of natural insulation material, such as shearling or down, to the interior. This additional layer helps improve warmth retention, making the coat suitable for even the coldest climates.

Once the finishing touches are complete, the shearling coat undergoes a final inspection to ensure it meets the high standards for quality, durability, and craftsmanship. The coat is then carefully packaged and ready to be worn by its fortunate owner, providing both style and warmth for years to come.

The Artistry Behind Shearling Coat Production

Creating shearling coats requires a refined combination of craftsmanship, expertise, and attention to detail. The process involves sourcing the finest sheepskin, carefully preparing and tanning the skins, skillfully skiving and stitching the pieces together, and adding the final touches and insulation for enhanced warmth. Each step of the process is carried out by skilled artisans who possess a deep understanding of the materials and techniques needed to create exceptional shearling coats.

The artistry behind shearling coat production lies in the ability to transform raw materials into luxurious and functional garments that stand the test of time. These coats are not only a testament to the skill of the craftsmen but also a reflection of the natural beauty and resilience of sheepskin. From sourcing the sheepskin to adding the finishing touches, every stage of the process contributes to the creation of a shearling coat that embodies both style and practicality.


Shearling coats are made from sheepskin and are known for their warmth and luxurious feel. The process of making shearling coats involves several steps and requires skilled craftsmanship.

Step 1: Preparing the Sheepskin

The first step in making shearling coats is selecting high-quality sheepskin. The sheepskin is carefully inspected and cleaned to remove any dirt or debris. It is then trimmed to the desired size and shape for the coat.

Step 2: Shearing the Wool

Next, the wool is removed from the sheepskin through a process called shearing. Skilled workers use specialized tools to carefully shear the wool while preserving the quality of the sheepskin.

Step 3: Tanning the Sheepskin

After shearing, the sheepskin undergoes a tanning process to make it soft, supple, and durable. This involves treating the skin with chemicals to remove any remaining hair and to prevent it from decaying.

Step 4: Finishing the Coat

Finally, the tanned sheepskin is carefully cut and stitched to create the shearling coat. Skilled craftsmen pay close attention to the details, ensuring that the coat is well-constructed and has a flawless finish.


In conclusion, shearling coats are made through a meticulous process

Key Takeaways

  • Shearling coats are made from the skin of a sheep or lamb that has been tanned and processed.
  • The wool is left on the skin to provide insulation and warmth.
  • Shearling is a durable and versatile material that can be used for different types of outerwear.
  • The process of making a shearling coat involves several steps, including shearing, tanning, and stitching.
  • Shearling coats require regular maintenance and care to keep them in good condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some commonly asked questions about the process of making shearling coats.

1. What is the process of shearing sheep for shearling coats?

Shearling coats are made from the skin and wool of sheep. The process begins with shearing, where the sheep's wool is carefully removed by professional shearers. To ensure the animal's welfare, experienced shearers use specialized techniques and tools to gently shear the wool, making sure not to harm the sheep's skin. The sheared wool is then collected and prepared for further processing.

Once the sheep are sheared, the wool is sorted and cleaned. This involves separating the wool by grade and removing any impurities, such as dirt or debris. The cleaned wool is then ready to be processed into shearling coats.

2. How is the wool transformed into shearling for coats?

After the wool is cleaned and sorted, it undergoes a process called tanning. Tanning is the process of treating the raw skin with chemicals to make it soft, flexible, and durable. The tanning process typically involves soaking the wool in a specially formulated solution, which can include various substances such as oils, salts, and acids.

Once the tanning process is complete, the wool is known as shearling. Shearling has both the soft wool side and the supple suede side from the sheepskin. It is now ready to be crafted into beautiful shearling coats.

3. How are shearling coats designed and crafted?

The design and crafting of shearling coats involve skilled artisans who work with precision and attention to detail. First, patterns are created for different styles of coats, including jackets, vests, and full-length coats. These patterns serve as a guide for cutting the shearling into the desired shapes and sizes.

Once the shearling is cut, it is meticulously sewn together using specialized sewing machines and techniques. The craftsmen pay close attention to aligning the shearling panels and ensuring neat and sturdy seams. Any additional design elements, such as pockets or collars, are also incorporated into the final product.

4. Are shearling coats lined?

Yes, shearling coats are often lined for added warmth and comfort. The lining can be made from various materials, such as silk, cotton, or synthetic fabrics. The lining is carefully sewn into the coat, creating an additional layer of insulation.

The lining also helps to reinforce the structure of the coat and protect the shearling from wear and tear. It adds a luxurious touch to the overall design and enhances the wearer's comfort.

5. How are shearling coats finished and prepared for sale?

Once the shearling coat is crafted, it undergoes finishing processes to enhance its appearance and durability. These may include sanding, buffing, and polishing the suede side of the shearling to achieve a smooth and consistent finish.

The shearling coat is then inspected for any imperfections or flaws and undergoes quality control checks. It is carefully packaged and prepared for sale, usually with proper labeling and care instructions.

Shearling coats are made using a careful process that involves several steps. It starts with the selection of high-quality sheepskins that have soft, dense wool and supple leather. The hides are then soaked, washed, and cleaned to remove any impurities. Afterward, they are stretched and flattened to ensure an even thickness across the entire coat.

Next, the wool is trimmed and the leather is tanned and treated to enhance its durability and softness. Skilled craftsmen sew the pieces together, using strong, invisible stitches to create a seamless finished product. Finally, the coat is inspected for quality and any necessary finishing touches are added, such as buttons or closures.